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What is an MP?
In the UK, citizens elect other citizens to represent their views and make decisions about how the country should be governed. This is called representative democracy as it isn’t practical for every single person in the country to have a say on every decision that is made.
The people that citizens elect are called MPs, which is short for Members of Parliament. They win their place in the Parliament by winning an election in an area of the country called a constituency – the citizens who voted for them are called constituents.
MPs are usually members of a Political Party and must balance the various areas of their role. In the Parliament, this includes representing constituents, supporting the goals of their party whether in government or in opposition and working on issues that are important to them personally. MPs also split their time between working in Parliament to attend activities like voting and taking part in debates and in their constituency. Constituency casework is one of the most important areas of an MP’s role – a constituent approaches their MP with a personal issue and the MP attempts to resolve it. Constituency work takes up over half of the time of the average MP, according to Hansard.